# 9th Grade Scope and Sequence

The 9th grade scope and sequence offers instructors the list of topics a student will be taught throughout the year.

At Time4Learning, we always want to offer full support to our existing and potential homeschool families. Our scope and sequence for 9th grade provides all curriculum materials in chronological order to help parents plan their homeschool year and successfully meet their child’s learning objectives.

On this page, you’ll get a quick glance at our 9th grade scope and sequence for math, social studies, science and language arts.

## 9th Grade Math Scope & Sequence

#### Chapter 1: “Representing Relationships”

• Quantitative Reasoning
• Dimensional Analysis
• Writing and Solving Equations in Two Variables
• Writing and Graphing Equations in Two Variables
• Introduction to Functions
• Function Notation
• Evaluating Functions
• Analyzing Graphs
• Analyzing Tables
• Recognizing Patterns

#### Chapter 2: “Linear Functions”

• Introduction to Linear Functions
• Slope of a Line
• Slope-Intercept Form of a Line
• Point-Slope Form of a Line
• Writing Linear Equations
• Special Linear Relations

#### Chapter 3: “Linear Equations and Inequalities”

• Solving Linear Equations: Variable on One Side
• Solving Linear Equations: Variables on Both Sides
• Solving Linear Equations: Distributive Property
• Solving Mixture Problems
• Solving Rate Problems
• Literal Equations
• Solving Absolute Value Equations
• Solving One-Variable Inequalities
• Introduction to Compound Inequalities

#### Chapter 4: “Systems of Equations and Inequalities”

• Solving Systems of Linear Equations: Graphing
• Solving Systems of Linear Equations: Substitution
• Solving Systems: Introduction to Linear Combinations
• Solving Systems of Linear Equations: Linear Combinations
• Modeling with Systems of Linear Equations
• Graphing Two-Variable Linear Inequalities
• Modeling with Two-Variable Linear Inequalities
• Solving Systems of Linear Inequalities
• Modeling with Systems of Linear Inequalities

#### Chapter 5: “Nonlinear Functions”

• Linear Piecewise Defined Functions
• Step Functions
• Absolute Value Functions and Translations
• Reflections and Dilations of Absolute Value Functions
• The Square Root Function
• The Cube Root Function
• Performance Task: Construct and Analyze Piecewise Functions
• Cumulative Exam

#### Chapter 6: “Exponential Functions”

• Exponential Growth Functions
• Exponential Decay Functions
• Vertical Stretches and Shrinks of Exponential Functions
• Reflections of Exponential Functions
• Translations of Exponential Functions
• Exponential Functions with Radical Bases
• Geometric Sequences

#### Chapter 7: “Polynomial Expressions”

• Introduction to Polynomials
• Multiplying Monomials and Binomials
• Multiplying Polynomials and Simplifying Expressions
• Factoring Polynomials: GCF
• Factoring Polynomials: Double Grouping
• Factoring Trinomials: a = 1
• Factoring Trinomials: a = 1 (continued)
• Factoring Trinomials: a > 1
• Factoring Polynomials: Difference of Squares
• Factoring Polynomials: Sum and Difference of Cubes
• Factoring Polynomials Completely

• Completing the Square
• Completing the Square (continued)

• Solving Quadratic Equations: Zero Product Property
• Solving Quadratic Equations: Square Root Property
• Solving Quadratic Equations: Completing the Square
• Solving Quadratic Equations: Completing the Square (continued)
• Introduction to the Quadratic Formula

#### Chapter 10: “Data Analysis”

• Describing Data
• Two-Way Tables
• Relative Frequencies and Association
• Measures of Center
• Box Plots
• Standard Deviation
• Line of Best Fit
• Analyzing Residuals
• Strength of Correlation
• Regression Models
• Performance Task: Super Survey Simulator
• Cumulative Exam

## 9th Grade Language Arts Scope & Sequence

#### Chapter 1: “Mythology”

• Introduction to Mythology
• Compare and Contrast: Myths and Cultures
• Compare and Contrast: Myths and Cultures (continued)
• Heroic Characteristics in “Perseus”
• Suspense in “The Cruel Tribute”
• Improving Vocabulary with Word Parts and Context Clues
• Writing a Narrative about Overcoming a Challenge

#### Chapter 2: “The Epic Hero’s Quest”

• The Odyssey and Epic Poetry: An Introduction, Part 1
• The Odyssey: Central Ideas and Character Motivation, Part 2
• The Odyssey: Writing a Character Analysis, Part 3
• The Odyssey: Conflict and Theme, Part 4
• The Odyssey: Symbolism and Making Predictions, Part 5
• The Odyssey: Theme Development, Part 6
• Using Reference Resources
• Researching and Writing about a Mythical Character

#### Chapter 3: “Individuality and Conformity”

• Introduction to Individuality and Conformity: “Initiation”
• Imagery and Symbolism in “The Scarlet Ibis”
• Characters, Conflict, and Idioms in “Daughter of Invention” by Julia Alvarez
• Writing about Mood in Art
• Word Choice and Extended Metaphor in a Poem by Maya Angelou
• Viewpoint in I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings
• Parts of Speech: Words and Basic Phrases
• Creating a Blog

#### Chapter 4: “Independence and the Bicycle”

• Introducing a Text in Wheels of Change, Part 1
• Text Structures in Wheels of Change, Part 2
• Word Choice and Evidence in Wheels of Change, Part 3
• Cause and Effect in Wheels of Change, Part 4
• Developing Central Ideas in Wheels of Change, Part 5
• Organization and Historical Context in Wheels of Change, Part 6
• Making Inferences about a Time Period in “A Century Ride”
• Creating a PSA

#### Chapter 5: “Nature and the Environment”

• Comparing Poetry: Poetic Devices
• Summarizing Central Ideas and Purpose: The Hot Zone
• Comparing Argumentative Texts: Silent Spring and “Save the Redwoods”
• Simple Sentences: Sentence Parts, Verb Tense, and Verb Voice
• Writing an Argumentative Essay about Fire Prevention

#### Chapter 6: “Making a Difference”

• Introduction to Making a Difference: It’s Our World, Too!
• Descriptive Language and Character: Iqbal
• Comparing Accounts of Iqbal’s Story
• Writing an E-mail about an Important Issue
• Word Choice and Author’s Purpose in Warriors Don’t Cry
• Speaking and Listening: Effective Group Discussions
• Writing an Argumentative Editorial about Initiating Change
• Cumulative Exam

#### Chapter 7: “Caring”

• Characterization, Theme, and Irony in “The Gift of the Magi”
• Poetic Form in “I Am Offering This Poem”
• Rhyme Scheme and Rhythm in a Sonnet by William Shakespeare
• Narrative Elements in “Pyramus and Thisbe”, from Ovid’s Metamorphoses
• Compound and Complex Sentences
• Writing an Informative Essay about Making Sacrifices

#### Chapter 8: “Tragedy and Drama”

• An Introduction to Shakespeare and Romeo and Juliet, Part 1
• Setting the Scene of Romeo and Juliet, Part 2
• Characters and Conflict in Romeo and Juliet, Part 3
• Soliloquy and Figures of Speech in Romeo and Juliet, Part 4
• Literary Devices in Romeo and Juliet, Part 5
• Conflict Development in Romeo and Juliet, Part 6
• Suspense in Romeo and Juliet, Part 7
• Themes and Resolution in Romeo and Juliet, Part 8
• Creating a Storyboard for a Shakespeare Scene

#### Chapter 9: “Mystery and Suspense”

• Introduction to Mystery and Suspense: “The Raven”
• Character and Point of View in “The Most Dangerous Game”, Part 1
• Making Predictions and Visualizing with “The Most Dangerous Game”, Part 2
• Writing an Argument Based on “The Most Dangerous Game”, Part 3
• Mood and Narrative Techniques in “Lather and Nothing Else”
• The Art of Creating Suspense: Central Ideas of Two Authors
• Punctuating Restrictive and Nonrestrictive Elements
• Writing a Literary Analysis through the Lens of a Quotation

#### Chapter 10: “Espionage and Intrigue”

• Summarizing Central Ideas in The Dark Game, Part 1
• Supporting Conclusions with Evidence in The Dark Game, Part 2
• Author’s Purpose and Viewpoint in The Dark Game, Part 3
• Using Strategies and Word Patterns: The Code Book
• Evaluating an Argument and Questioning: The Code Book
• Introduction to Pronouns
• Writing a Compare-and-Contrast Essay about Presentation of Ideas

#### Chapter 11: “Fighting for Equality”

• Historical Context and Conflict in Lizzie Bright and the Buckminster Boy, Part 1
• Narration and Point of View in Lizzie Bright and the Buckminster Boy, Part 2
• The Art of Rhetoric in Lincoln’s Second Inaugural Address
• Argument Technique in Martin Luther King Jr.’s “I Have a Dream” Speech
• Structure and Narrative: Rosa Parks’ Memoir, My Story
• Writing Coherent Sentences
• Writing a Research-Based Argumentative Essay about Technology

#### Chapter 12: “Unity and Division”

• Tracing the Central Idea in “A Quilt of a Country”
• Analyzing the Series of Events in Outcasts United
• Rhetoric and Structure in Roosevelt’s Four Freedoms Speech
• Rhetoric in Reagan’s Address at Moscow State University
• Writing a Works Cited Page
• Speaking and Listening: Planning a Multimedia Presentation
• Creating a Multimedia Presentation
• Cumulative Exam

## 9th Grade Science Scope & Sequence

#### Chapter 1: “Ecology”

• The Cycles of Matter
• Organizational Hierarchy
• Relationships Among Organisms
• Energy Flow in Ecosystems
• Succession in Extinction
• Populations and the Environment
• Population Size and Structure
• Population Growth
• Human Impact on the Environment

#### Chapter 2: “The Building Blocks of Life”

• Characteristics of Life
• Elements of Living Organisms
• Carbohydrates
• Lipids
• Proteins and Nucleic Acids
• Catalysts
• Lab: Identifying Nutrients

#### Chapter 3: “Cell Biology”

• The Function of Organelles
• Animal and Plant Cells
• ATP
• Light Dependent Reactions in Photosynthesis
• Light Independent Reactions in Photosynthesis
• Cellular Respiration

#### Chapter 4: “Cellular Processes”

• Cell Theory
• Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells
• Cell Homeostasis
• Mitosis
• Meiosis
• Asexual and Sexual Reproduction
• Cell Differentiation and Specialization

#### Chapter 5: “Molecular Genetics”

• Genetic Code
• DNA and RNA Structure
• Protein Synthesis
• Lab: Building Proteins from RNA
• DNA Mutations
• Chromosomes
• Cumulative Exam

#### Chapter 6: “Heredity”

• Introduction to Genetics
• Probability of Inheritance
• Laws of Inheritance
• Lab: Mouse Genetics (One Trait)
• Non-Mendelian Inheritance
• Lab: Mouse Genetics (Two Traits)

#### Chapter 7: “Evolution of Life”

• Darwin’s Theory
• Factors Affecting Genetic Variation
• Lab: Natural Selection
• Hardy-Weinberg Principle
• Factors Affecting Biological Diversity
• Biogeographic Isolation
• Biological Evidence and the Fossil Record
• Evolutionary Relationships
• Human Evolution

#### Chapter 8: “Taxonomy”

• Methods of Classification
• The Kingdoms
• Types of Plants
• Plant Structures
• Protists and Fungi
• Bacteria
• Viruses
• Identifying Unknown Organisms

#### Chapter 9: “Human Body I”

• Types of Tissue
• The Human Skeleton
• Muscle Structure and Function
• The Endocrine and Exocrine Systems
• The Central Nervous System
• The Peripheral Nervous System
• Nerve Conduction
• The Cardiovascular System
• Blood
• Lab: Blood Typing

#### Chapter 10: “Human Body II”

• The Respiratory System
• The Digestive System
• The Excretory System
• The Reproductive System
• The Reproductive Process
• The Immune System
• Human Health
• Cumulative Exam

## 9th Grade Social Studies Scope & Sequence

#### Chapter 1: “Origins, Exploration, and Conflict”

• Migration to America
• Early North American Cultures
• Voyages of Columbus
• The Columbian Exchange
• Spanish Exploration
• American Indians of the East Coast
• English Exploration
• French and Dutch Exploration
• Explorers and American Indians
• The Middle Passage

#### Chapter 2: “The Thirteen Colonies”

• Colonization
• The New England Colonies
• The Southern Colonies
• The Middle Colonies
• Colonial Life
• Religious Revival
• New Economies
• The Growth of Slavery

#### Chapter 3: “Road to Revolution”

• The Enlightenment
• The French and Indian War
• Taxes and Protest
• Colonial Resistance
• Writing Workshop: Creating an Argumentative Essay

#### Chapter 4: “War of Independence”

• The Revolution Begins
• The Declaration of Independence
• Battles of the Revolutionary War
• Turning Points in the War
• A Weak Confederation
• Compromise and the Constitution
• The Ratification Debate
• The Constitution
• The Bill of Rights

#### Chapter 5: “A New Nation”

• Washington’s Presidency
• Political Parties
• Expansion and Settlement
• Marshall’s Court
• The War of 1812
• The Monroe Doctrine
• Cumulative Exam

#### Chapter 6: “Jacksonian Democracy”

• Expanding Democracy
• The National Bank
• Growing Infrastructure
• Reform Movements
• Early Immigration
• Rights for Women

#### Chapter 7: “Manifest Destiny”

• Early Frontiers
• Indian Removal
• American Art and Literature
• Great Trails
• New Territories

#### Chapter 8: “Sectionalism”

• The Industrialized North
• The Economic Impact of Slavery
• The Nullification Crisis
• Slavery in American Culture
• Rise of Abolitionism
• The Missouri Compromise
• Texas and the Union

#### Chapter 9: “Rising Tensions”

• The Mexican-American War
• Temporary Compromise
• Changing Abolitionism
• Dred Scott and the Slavery Debate
• Lincoln
• Southern Secession
• Writing Workshop: Evaluating Research Questions and Sources in History

#### Chapter 10: “The Civil War”

• Fort Sumter and the Confederacy
• Mobilizing for War
• Early Successes for the South
• Emancipation
• Life During the War
• Turning Points
• Southern Surrender
• The Aftermath of War

#### Chapter 11: “Reconstruction and Expansion”

• Presidential Reconstruction Stuff
• Constitutional Amendments
• African Americans and Reconstruction
• Supremacy Movements
• Southern Redemption
• Sharecropping
• The Rise of Jim Crow
• American Indians on a Closing Frontier
• Cumulative Exam

PreK - 8th

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• Monthly, first student
• (\$14.95 monthly for each additional student)

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\$30.00
• Monthly, per student
• (Includes 4 courses per student)

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