# 3rd Grade Scope and Sequence

In order to homeschool third grade successfully and allow your child to reach all their objectives, it’s important to know what to teach and when. Since many concepts build on each other, teaching them in the right sequence will help students gain a thorough understanding before they move on to more advanced concepts.

Time4Learning provides the 3rd grade scope and sequence for math, language arts, science and social studies, and this page will give you an overview of what you can expect your child to learn with our award-winning curriculum.

## 3rd Grade Math Scope & Sequence

#### Lesson 1: Expanded Form

Convert numbers containing two to six digits from standard form to expanded form and vice versa.

#### Lesson 2: Writing Numbers

Write numbers up to six digits using oral and written cues.

#### Lesson 3: Comparing and Ordering Numbers

Order numbers up to six digits and compare numbers using the symbols <, >, and =.

#### Lesson 4: Rounding to the Nearest 10

Round numbers up to the ten-thousands to the nearest ten. Use number lines and knowledge of place value.

#### Lesson 5: Rounding to the Nearest 100

Round numbers up to the ten-thousands to the nearest hundred. Use number lines and knowledge of place value.

#### Lesson 6: Rounding Numbers

Round numbers to the nearest ten, to the nearest hundred, and to the nearest thousand.

#### Chapter 2: “Addition and Subtraction”

Add three or more single digit addends. (grouping property) Add 2- and 3-digit numbers. (with and without regrouping)

#### Lesson 2: Subtraction

Subtract 2-and 3-digit numbers. (with regrouping) Subtract 2- and 3-digit numbers when minuend has multiple zeros. (with regrouping)

#### Lesson 3: Estimate Sums and Differences

Estimate sums and differences using rounding.

#### Lesson 1: Introduction to Multiplication

An introduction to multiplication (0-12 x 0-12) including multiplication by 0 and 1, using arrays and tables.

#### Lesson 2: Multiples and Arrays

Define and list multiples of a given number (1-10). Explore multiplication as repeated addition and arrays.

#### Lesson 3: Multiply 2-digits by 1-digit

Multiply two whole numbers with and without regrouping in which one factor is a one-digit number and the other is a 2-digit number. Multiply mentally by 10, 100, and 1000.

#### Lesson 4: Multiply by a Multiple of Ten

Multiply one-digit whole numbers by multiples of 10 in the range 10 – 90 using strategies based on place value and properties of operations.

#### Lesson 5: Introduction to Division

An introduction to simple division problems including divisions involving 0 and 1 and divisions involving remainders using tables and other manipulatives.

#### Lesson 6: Division Facts

Recognize and use basic division facts to 100 ÷ 10, and identify dividend, divisor, and quotient. Describe these division properties: you cannot divide by 0, and any number divided by 1 equals that number.

#### Lesson 7: Interpreting Quotients

Represent and solve problems involving division. Interpret quotients of whole number as the either the number of objects in each share when objects are partitioned equally, or as the number of shares.

#### Lesson 8: Division Word Problems

Represent and solve problems involving division. Use division within 100 to solve word problems in situations involving equal groups by using drawings and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem.

#### Lesson 9: Divide 2-digits by 1-digit

Divide two-digit dividends by one-digit divisors, with and without remainders.

#### Lesson 1: Identifying Patterns on an Addition Table

Identify arithmetic patterns using an addition table.

#### Lesson 2: Identifying Patterns on a Multiplication Table

Identify arithmetic patterns using a multiplication table, and explain them using properties of operations.

#### Lesson 1: Multiplying and Dividing to Solve Word Problems

Solve a multi-step word problem using multiplication and division.

#### Lesson 2: Understanding Division as an Unknown-Factor Problem

Understand division as an unknown-factor problem.

#### Lesson 3: Using Strategies to Multiply Within 100

Understand multiplication and use strategies to fluently multiply within 100.

#### Lesson 4: Using Strategies to Divide Within 100

Understand division and use strategies to fluently divide within 100.

#### Lesson 1: Understanding Fractions of a Whole

Recognize fractions as part of a whole and understand the meaning of the numerator and the denominator.

#### Lesson 2: Representing Fractions on a Number Line

Identify the fraction shown by a point on a number line and learn how to place a fraction on a number line.

#### Lesson 3: Understanding Equivalent Fractions with Models and Number Lines

Understand two fractions as equivalent if they are the same size, or the same point on a number line.

#### Lesson 4: Comparing Two Fractions with the Same Numerator or Denominator

Compare two fractions with the same numerator or the same denominator using fraction models.

#### Lesson 1: Parts of a Set or Whole

Identify parts of a set and parts of a whole with equivalent fractions with denominators up to 10.

#### Lesson 2: Equivalent Fractions

Identify equivalent fractions. (1/2 = 2/4)

#### Lesson 3: Compare and Order Fractions

Order fractions with like denominators and compare fractions using the symbols <, >, and =.

#### Lesson 4: Relate Fractions and Decimals

Explore the relationship between fractions and decimals. (tenths and hundredths)

#### Lesson 5: Write Decimals to Hundredths

Identify decimals to the hundredths place. Read and write decimals to the hundredths.

#### Lesson 6: Compare and Order Decimals

Order decimals to the hundredths place, and compare decimals using the symbols <, >, and =.

#### Lesson 1: Bills and Coins

Count collection of coins and bills up to \$50. Add and subtract dollar amounts. (dollar and cents)

#### Lesson 2: Word Problems

Solve word problems that involve the value of coins, bills, and making change.

#### Lesson 3: Unit Price

Solve problems involving unit price of items.

#### Lesson 1: Repeating Patterns

Identify and extend repeating patterns and apply pattern rules using shapes, colors and numbers.

#### Lesson 2: Numeric Patterns

Identify and extend patterns and apply pattern rules using a sequence of related numbers.

#### Lesson 3: Apply Pattern Rules

Apply the appropriate rule to complete a chart including input/output tables.

#### Lesson 1: Numeric Expressions

Represent and evaluate written relationships as numeric expressions.

#### Lesson 2: Solving for an Unknown in Multiplication Equations

Determine the unknown whole number in a multiplication equation relating three whole numbers.

#### Lesson 3: Solving for an Unknown in Division Equations

Determine the unknown whole number in a division equation relating three whole numbers.

#### Lesson 4: Equations

Solve for an unknown quantity in an equation. Example: 3 + __ = 7.(Example: missing addend or missing factor)

#### Lesson 5: Properties of Multiplication

Understand properties of multiplication and apply these properties as strategies to multiply.

#### Lesson 6: Properties of Division

Understand properties of division and apply these properties as strategies to divide.

#### Lesson 7: Properties of Addition and Multiplication

Use the Order (Commutative) and Grouping (Associative) Properties of Addition and Multiplication to find equivalent expressions or equations containing an unknown quantity.

#### Lesson 1: Segments, Lines and Line Pairs

Describe line segments, lines, and line pairs.

#### Lesson 2: Classifying Angles

Identify and classify angles as right, acute, or obtuse.

#### Lesson 3: Attributes of Polygons

Identify the attributes of polygons (sides and angles) and sort by particular characteristics of the plane figure.

#### Lesson 4: Attributes of Solid Figures

Identify the attributes of solid figures (edges, vertices, and faces) such as cubes, rectangular prisms, rectangular pyramids, cones, cylinders, and spheres and sort by particular characteristics.

#### Lesson 5: Nets

Identify and create a two-dimensional representation of a three-dimensional figure.

#### Lesson 1: Distance Between Two Points

Find the horizontal or vertical distance between two points on a coordinate grid.

#### Lesson 2: Ordered Pairs

Plot a point on a coordinate grid given an ordered pair and write the ordered pair of a point shown on a coordinate grid.

#### Lesson 3: Follow Directions on a Grid

After being given navigational directions from the initial point, identify the ordered pair of the final point.

#### Lesson 1: Congruent Shapes

Given a plane figure, identify the congruent shape and create a congruent shape using other plane figures.

#### Lesson 2: Slides, Flips, Turns

Apply a slide, flip, or turn to a plane figure and predict the result. Identify the image of a plane figure as a slide, flip, or turn.

#### Lesson 3: Line and Point Symmetry

Use line and point symmetry to identify and create symmetrical figures.

#### Lesson 1: Telling Time

Define, tell, and show time to the hour, half hour, and quarter hour. Define, tell, and show time to the 5 and 1 minute intervals.

#### Lesson 2: Elapsed Time

Find elapsed time using minutes, hours, days, and weeks. Develop measuring skills and demonstrate understanding of concepts related measuring time.

#### Lesson 3: Solving Problems of Elapsed Time Using a Number Line

Solve problems of elapsed time using a number line.

#### Lesson 4: Time Schedules

Interpret time schedules using minutes, hours, days, and weeks.

#### Lesson 1: Length

Define units of length. (inch, foot, yard, mile) Estimate and compare length. Measure to the nearest half-inch.

#### Lesson 2: Customary Units of Capacity

Define units of capacity. (cup, pint, quart, gallon) Estimate and compare capacity.

#### Lesson 3: Customary Units of Weight

Define units of weight. (ounce, pound) Estimate and compare weight.

#### Lesson 4: Temperature

Read thermometer to nearest 5-degree interval.

#### Lesson 1: Metric Units of Length

Define units of length. (centimeter, decimeter, meter) Estimate and compare length. Measure to the nearest centimeter.

#### Lesson 2: Metric Units of Capacity

Define units of capacity. (milliliters, liters) Estimate and compare capacity.

#### Lesson 3: Estimating and Comparing Mass

Define units of mass. (grams, kilograms) Estimate and compare mass.

#### Lesson 4: Temperature

Read thermometer to nearest 5-degree interval.

#### Lesson 1: Estimating and Measuring Volume

Estimate volumes of objects in liters and milliliters by comparing to benchmark objects.

#### Lesson 2: Solving Problems Involving Mass and Volume

Solve real-world problems involving mass in kilograms and grams, and volume in liters.

#### Lesson 1: Measuring the Area of a Rectangle Using Unit Squares

Measure the area of a rectangle using unit squares.

#### Lesson 2: Measuring Areas by Counting Unit Squares

Find the area of a figure by counting unit squares.

#### Lesson 3: Using Tiles to Measure Area of a Rectangle

Find the area of a rectangle by tiling and by multiplying the side lengths.

#### Lesson 4: Interpreting y = mx + b as a Linear Function

Interpret y = mx + b as a linear function.

#### Lesson 5: Multiplying to Find the Area of a Rectangle

Find the area of a rectangle by multiplying the length and width.

#### Lesson 6: Finding the Area of a Rectangle by Dividing into Smaller Rectangles

Find the area of a rectangle by dividing it into two smaller rectangles.

#### Lesson 7: Decomposing Shapes to Find Area with Multiplication and Addition

Find area by decomposing composite shapes into rectangles and adding the areas.

#### Lesson 1: Perimeter

Find perimeter by counting units and by adding lengths. Measure to find the perimeter. Select appropriate label for measurement.

#### Lesson 2: Area

Find area by counting units. Multiply to find area. Select appropriate labels of measurement.

#### Lesson 3: Comparing Perimeter and Area

Compare perimeter and area.

#### Lesson 1: Pictographs

Display and interpret data in pictographs.

#### Lesson 2: Bar Graphs

Display and interpret data in vertical and horizontal bar graphs.

#### Lesson 3: Tables

Display and interpret data in tables including tally, data, and frequency tables.

#### Lesson 4: Frequency Tables

Display and interpret data in frequency tables using two attributes.

#### Lesson 1: Certain, Possible, Impossible

Determine the certainty, likelihood, and fairness of events.

#### Lesson 2: Possible Outcomes

Determine and list all the possible outcomes of an event.

#### Lesson 1: Solving 2-Step Problems

Use Polya’s four-step method to solve two-step word problems using the four operations. Represent these problems using equations with a letter standing for the unknown.

#### Lesson 2: Solving 2-Step Problems and Assessing Reasonableness

Solve two-step word problems using the four operations. Assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation and estimation strategies including rounding.

## 3rd Grade Language Arts Scope & Sequence

#### Lesson 1: Synonyms – 4 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge by determining the meaning of synonyms from grade level appropriate vocabulary, by correctly choosing a given word or phrase that means the same thing, in reading.

#### Lesson 2: Antonyms – 4 Activities

The student will demonstrate knowledge by determining the meaning of antonyms from grade level appropriate vocabulary, by correctly choosing a given word or phrase that means the opposite, in reading.

#### Lesson 3: Prefixes – 4 Activities

The student will be able to analyze and determine the correct meaning of a word, based on the prefix of the root word or how the prefix is used in the context of a passage.

#### Lesson 4: Suffixes – 4 Activities

The student will be able to analyze and determine the correct meaning of a word, based on the suffix of the root word or how the suffix is used in the context of a passage.

#### Lesson 5: Homophones – 4 Activities

The student will be able to identify and select the appropriate homophone or word that sounds the same, based on the context of a passage which fits the best meaning of the given word or phrase.

#### Lesson 6: Idioms – 4 Activities

The student will be able to identify and analyze the author’s use of idioms, based on the context of a passage and how these expressions are used in literal and interpretative information.

#### Lesson 1: Think Aloud Level 1 – 4 Activities

Use the reading comprehension process skills of summarizing, predicting, visualizing, questioning, and clarifying with extensive scaffolding and support, through think aloud prompts.

#### Lesson 2: Think Aloud Level 2 – 3 Activities

Use the reading comprehension process skills of summarizing, predicting, visualizing, questioning, and clarifying with scaffolding and support, through think aloud prompts.

#### Lesson 3: Think Aloud Level 3 – 2 Activities

Use the reading comprehension process skills of summarizing, predicting, visualizing, questioning, and clarifying to independently read and comprehend texts with minimal think aloud support.

#### Lesson 1: Making Inferences and Drawing Conclusions – 6 Activities

Use knowledge, information, and ideas from literary or expository texts to make inferences about the text (e.g., make inferences, draw conclusions, make generalizations, and infer sequence of events.

#### Lesson 2: Main Idea and Theme: Fiction – 3 Activities

Identify the main idea(s) or theme(s), distinguishing them/it from supporting details in a literary text.

#### Lesson 3: Summarizing – 3 Activities

Develop summaries or paraphrase information from literary or expository text containing context clues.

#### Lesson 4: Characters – 3 Activities

Identify characters and compare and contrast characters within a literary text.

#### Lesson 5: Setting – 3 Activities

Identify and describe the setting(s) in a literary text

#### Lesson 6: Plot – 3 Activities

Identify plot by using story elements including the main problem and solution.

#### Lesson 1: Main Idea and Supporting Details: Nonfiction – 4 Activities

Identify the main idea(s) using the supporting details in an expository text.

#### Lesson 2: Text Features & Nonliteral Meanings (A) – 6 Activities

Students will be introduced to variations in language, specifically how common phrases like “spilled the beans” can have nonliteral meanings.

#### Lesson 3: Text Features & Nonliteral Meanings (B) – 9 Activities

Students will understand some variations in language, specifically how common phrases like “penny pincher” can have nonliteral meanings, and that digital texts have specific features, like hyperlinks.

#### Lesson 4: View, Shades & Context Clues (A) – 10 Activities

Students will be introduced to the concepts of shades of meaning, point of view, and context clues. They will apply these skills when reading two authentic nonfiction texts, “Homesick” and “Wall of Wonder”.

#### Lesson 5: View, Shades & Context Clues (B) – 9 Activities

Students will review shades of meaning, point of view, and context clues. They will apply these skills when reading an authentic nonfiction text, “Cats versus Dogs: Who makes a better friend?”

#### Lesson 6: View, Shades & Context Clues (C) – 7 Activities

Students will review shades of meaning, point of view, and context clues. They will apply these skills when reading an authentic nonfiction text, “Food Fight.”

#### Lesson 7: Author’s Purpose – 3 Activities

Identify and use knowledge of the author’s purpose to comprehend the writing of a literary or expository text.

#### Lesson 8: Charts and Graphs – 3 Activities

Read and interpret charts and graphs.

#### Lesson 9: Compare and Contrast – 6 Activities

Compare and contrast characters, settings, ideas, information and/or plot within a text or between two or more genre sources (literary or expository) that include figurative language such as similes.

#### Lesson 10: Comparing & Academic Vocabulary (A) – 10 Activities

Students will be introduced to scientific vocabulary and high utility academic words. Main idea and details will be reviewed before students compare and contrast these elements in two nonfiction texts.

#### Lesson 11: Comparing & Academic Vocabulary (B) – 11 Activities

Students will be introduced to scientific vocabulary and high utility academic words. Main idea and details will be reviewed before students compare and contrast these elements in two nonfiction texts.

#### Lesson 12: Comparing & Academic Vocabulary (C) – 9 Activities

Students will be introduced to scientific concepts, high utility academic words, and root words. Students will compare and contrast the main ideas and details in two nonfiction texts about ice.

#### Lesson 13: Sequential Order – 4 Activities

Identify literary or expository text that is organized in sequential/chronological order using words (first, next, last, then, finally, etc.) or phrases (to begin with, in addition to, etc.).

#### Lesson 14: Fact and Opinion – 3 Activities

Distinguish between fact and opinion in an expository text.

#### Lesson 15: Cause and Effect – 3 Activities

Identify and distinguish between cause and effect in expository and literary texts.

#### Lesson 1: State Simulation Test – 3 Activities

Students will demonstrate knowledge of comprehension skills on grade level appropriate literary and expository passages, with questions that simulate a high-stakes assessment.

#### Lesson 1: Reading & Responding – 4 Activities

The student will learn thematic content through discovery, and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Authentic fiction literature is included.

#### Lesson 2: Language Arts – 3 Activities

Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice language arts skills.

#### Lesson 1: Reading & Responding – 4 Activities

The student will learn thematic content through discovery, and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary.

#### Lesson 2: Language Arts – 3 Activities

Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice language arts skills.

#### Lesson 1: Reading & Responding – 4 Activities

The student will learn thematic content through discovery, and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary.

#### Lesson 2: Language Arts – 3 Activities

Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice language arts skills.

#### Lesson 1: Reading & Responding – 4 Activities

The student will learn thematic content through discovery, and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary.

#### Lesson 2: Language Arts – 3 Activities

Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice language arts skills.

#### Lesson 1: Reading & Responding – 4 Activities

The student will learn thematic content through discovery, and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary.

#### Lesson 2: Language Arts – 4 Activities

Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice language arts skills.

#### Lesson 1: Reading & Responding – 4 Activities

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Authentic Caldecott-winning fictional literature is included.

#### Lesson 2: Language Arts – 3 Activities

Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice language arts skills.

#### Lesson 1: Reading & Responding – 4 Activities

The student will learn thematic content through discovery and achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary. Authentic fiction literature is included.

#### Lesson 2: Language Arts – 3 Activities

Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice language arts skills.

## 3rd Grade Science Scope & Sequence

#### Chapter 1: Forces

Changes in Motion focuses on motion and the forces (like gravity and friction) that can change it as well as patterns of motion that can be predicted.

#### Electricity & Magnetism

Electricity & Magnetism focuses on the invisible forces of static electricity and magnetism as well as conductors and insulators and current electricity.

#### Life Cycles

Life Cycles focuses on the fact that all living things (plants and animals) have a unique life cycle but that they all include the stages of birth, growth and development, reproduction, and death.

#### Inheritance & Environment

Inheritance & Environment focuses on traits of living things and how they can be inherited or acquired, or influenced by the environment.

#### Chapter 4: Ecosystems

Adaptations & Variations focuses on changes in behavior and physical characteristics that can happen in a species, based on their needs and their environment.

#### Weather & Climate

Weather & Climate focuses students’ attention on designing solutions for weather related hazards as well as weather patterns and the affects of weather on our every day lives.

#### Our Solar System

Our Solar System focuses on the sun, our eight planets and other smaller bodies orbiting within our solar system.

## 3rd Grade Social Studies Scope & Sequence

#### Lesson 1: Activities & Personalities – 3 Activities

Describe the period known as the Viking Age, including dates, deeds, and exploration of the Atlantic Ocean. Explain the Scandanavian expression, ”to-go a-Viking,” and name some notorious activities and personality characteristics attributed to the Vikings. Describe the Viking warrior, including his armor, weapons, battle strategies, and tactics.

#### Lesson 2: Shipbuilding – 3 Activities

Explain the reasons the Vikings traveled by sea to other lands and the navigation methods used by the Vikings to determine directions and locations. Identify the kind of ship used for battle, and explain what made the ship sail at a fast speed.

#### Lesson 3: Occupations – 3 Activities

Describe the role and importance of shipbuilding in the lives of the Vikings. Compare and describe the occupations of the majority of Vikings with the Viking warriors.

#### Lesson 4: Culture – 3 Activities

Describe the culture of the Vikings, including family life, food, clothing, literature, recreation, artistry, and burial customs. Explain the role of religion and the worship of the gods, Thor, and Frey.

#### Lesson 1: Geography – 3 Activities

Describe the region of the Alaskan Inuits, including land, climate, population, and environment. Estimate the number of years of habitation of the northwest coast or arctic homeland.

#### Lesson 2: Land of the Midnight Sun – 3 Activities

Explain why the region of Alaska is often called the “Land of the Midnight Sun.”

#### Lesson 3: Language- 3 Activities

Explain why the Inuits were once called Eskimos, and know the various meanings of the word Eskimo. Identify the language of the Inuits and how words were constructed.

#### Lesson 4: Traditional Way of Life – 3 Activities

Describe the traditional way of life for the Inuits. Include food, clothing, hunting and fishing, travel, recreation, and art.

#### Lesson 5: Family & Group Life – 3 Activities

Describe the family life and group life of the Inuits. Identify rules of conduct, how disputes were settled, how children were treated, and how future marriage partners were chosen.

#### Lesson 6: Shelter – 3 Activities

Investigate and describe the various shelters in which the Inuits lived, including tents, sod houses, and snow houses. Identify how these shelters were constructed.

#### Lesson 7: Traditional vs. Modern – 3 Activities

Compare and contrast the traditional ways of the Inuits with their present ways of life. Include food, clothing, housing, employment, education, and values.

#### Lesson 1: Geographic Tools – 4 Activities

Use geographic tools, such as maps, globes, and atlases, to gather data about the Earth’s surface. Locate and name your community, state, country, and continent. Identify the major oceans: Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Arctic and Antarctic. Identify the seven continents: Asia, Europe, Africa, North America, South America, Antarctica, and Australia. Identify the hemispheres: Northern, Southern, Western, and Eastern.

#### Lesson 2: Geographic Terms – 3 Activities

Demonstrate the ability to use the following geographic terms: harbor, island, bay, peninsula, gulf, ocean, coast, region, and mountain. Locate and label examples of each on a map, and write definitions of the terms.

#### Lesson 3: Latitude & Longitude – 3 Activities

Locate Alaska on a map and globe. Describe Alaska’s position relative to the rest of the continental United States. Locate and label the Gulf of Alaska and the Bering Strait.

#### Lesson 4: Adaptation of Environment – 3 Activities

Describe how climate, locations, and physical surroundings affect the ways people live in Alaska.

#### Lesson 5: Locate Rocky Mountains – 3 Activities

Use a map to locate the Rocky Mountains from New Mexico through Canada to northern Alaska.

#### Lesson 6: Locate Scandinavia – 3 Activities

Use a world map to locate the region of Europe that was once known as Scandanavia. Identify and label the three countries as they are now known (Denmark, Norway, and Sweden).

#### Lesson 1: Reasons for Exploration – 2 Activities

Identify several reasons that Europeans were willing to endure many hardships to explore and settle in new lands. Include the search for wealth, the desire to explore, the search for trade routes, new navigation methods, and religious missionary work.

#### Lesson 2: Columbus Journeys – 2 Activities

Describe Christopher Columbus’s first journey to America. Identify the names of his three ships, the land he had mistakenly named India, the name he gave native people, and the day of his landing.

#### Lesson 3: Amerigo Vespucci – 2 Activities

Explain whether or not Columbus learned after three additional voyages that he never reached India, but the New World. Identify the Italian trader and explorer who made the first voyage in 1499 to the New World for whom America was named. Identify the Spanish explorer who confirmed Vespucci’s conclusion regarding this new land.

#### Lesson 4: Columbus Discoveries – 2 Activities

Investigate how the voyages of Columbus reshaped America. Describe how these voyages exchanged plants, animals, and diseases between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. Identify some of these plants, animals, and diseases.

#### Lesson 5: Ponce De Leon – 2 Activities

Describe Ponce de Leon’s role in the settlement of Florida (including dates). Explain the legend of the ”Fountain of Youth” (where Ponce de Leon learned of the legend, and whether Ponce de Leon found the Fountain of Youth). Identify who killed Ponce de Leon (and how).

#### Lesson 6: Hernando De Soto – 2 Activities

Describe the 1539 Spanish expedition led by Hernando de Soto to Florida. Include the battle with the Cherokee Indians and how de Soto was associated with the Mississippi River. Identify how de Soto died and where he was buried.

#### Lesson 7: St. Augustine – 2 Activities

Describe the founding of St. Augustine in 1565 and its heritage as the oldest city in the United States.

#### Lesson 8: Northwest Passage – 2 Activities

Describe the searches made by John Cabot and Henry Hudson for the Northwest Passage. Identify and locate the regions they found and the dates of their discoveries. Describe the hardships they encountered and the contributions they made to their countries.

#### Lesson 9: French Explorers – 2 Activities

Investigate the role Samuel de Champlain played in the region of New France. Identify, locate, and label the region Champlain discovered (Quebec). Identify, locate, and label the lakes Champlain explored and mapped (the western end of the St. Lawrence River, in northern New York).

#### Lesson 10: Exploration of Southwest – 2 Activities

Identify the early Spanish explorers in the lands that are now the states of Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and California. Describe the contributions each of the explorers made.

#### Lesson 11: Spanish Missions – 2 Activities

Identify various U.S. missionary settlements (especially those in Texas and California). Explain why the Spanish government sent missionaries to the southwestern part of what is now the United States. Explain who Padre Junipero Serra was. Describe life in a mission. Include what services missions provided for Native Americans, and what leaders of missions expected in return from Native Americans.

#### Lesson 12: Seven Cities of Cibola – 2 Activities

Explain why Francisco Vásquez de Coronado organized an expedition to the Southwest in 1540. Describe the legend of the ”Seven Cities of Cibola.” Locate and label the areas: Grand Canyon and the Rio Grande.

#### Lesson 13: Conflicts with Pueblos – 2 Activities

Identify the region in which the Pueblo lived, the associated tribes (Hopi and Zuni), and the crops grown by them. Explain the conflicts between the Pueblo and the Spaniards.

#### Lesson 1: Locate English Colonies – 2 Activities

Define colony. Use a map to locate and label the thirteen English colonies. Differentiate each colony by region: New England Colonies, Middle Colonies, and Southern Colonies.

#### Lesson 2: Reasons for Colonization – 2 Activities

Describe the two major changes, religion and economics, in England that caused the great interest in establishing the English colonies.

#### Lesson 3: Jamestown – 2 Activities

Explain how the first colony originated in Jamestown, Virginia (in 1607), and the role John Smith played. Describe the period known as the ”Starving Time.” Explain how land ownership and growth of tobacco crops were major reasons for the survival of the Jamestown economy.

#### Lesson 4: Pocahontas – 3 Activities

Retell the legend and history of Pocahontas and John Rolfe. Explain their roles in the clashes between Native Americans.

#### Lesson 5: Puritans – 3 Activities

Describe the beliefs held by Puritans. Explain why some Puritans were called Pilgrims, and why, in 1620, the Puritans left Europe for Massachusetts.

#### Lesson 6: Reasons for Migration – 3 Activities

Explain several reasons why European colonists moved to America. Include the search for good farmland, trade opportunities, and religious freedom.

#### Lesson 7: King Philips War – 2 Activities

Explain the 1637 conflicts between Puritans and Native Americans. Describe the reasons for King Philip’s War (in 1675).

#### Lesson 8: Founders of Colonies – 3 Activities

Identify the founders and dates of the following colonies: the Carolinas, Georgia, New Jersey, Delaware, and New York. Explain why the purchase of Manhattan Island was the most profitable land purchase in history.

#### Lesson 9: Enslavement of Africans – 2 Activities

Explain slave trade in the Southern Colonies and its economic impact. Explain the differences between indentured servants, and slaves as property. Describe the voyage known as the Middle Passage and its conditions for captured Africans.

#### Lesson 10: Plymouth Colony – 2 Activities

Describe the establishment of the Plymouth Colony by the Pilgrims Include discussion of: the importance of religious freedom, the voyage of the Mayflower, the 1620 Mayflower Compact, and the first Thanksgiving. Explain why the Plymouth Colony was taken over by the Massachusetts colony.

#### Lesson 11: Colonial Life – 3 Activities

In general terms, describe colonial life in America. Include areas such as colonial economy, society, government, homes, churches, schools, transportation, communication, art, and science.

#### Lesson 1: Your Community – 3 Activities

Identify your community as rural, urban, or suburban. Identify the general features of each of these communities as related to size, density, and grasslands.

#### Lesson 2: Characteristics – 6 Activities

Describe the characteristics of rural, urban, and suburban communities in terms of housing, community size, populations, jobs, culture, recreation, and transportation.

#### Lesson 3: Compare & Contrast – 2 Activities

Compare and contrast these different types of communities in the United States. Locate each type of community on a U.S. map.

#### Lesson 4: Relationships – 3 Activities

Describe the relationship between people and their environments in rural, urban, and suburban communities.

#### Lesson 5: Land Forms & Bodies of Water – 3 Activities

Describe the various landforms and bodies of water that may be found in rural, urban, and suburban communities.

#### Lesson 6: Resources – 3 Activities

Identify the natural resources in your community. Describe ways in which people can protect these resources.

#### Lesson 7: Development & Change – 3 Activities

Describe how rural, urban, and suburban communities have developed and changed over time.

#### Lesson 1: Earn, Save, & Spend Money – 3 Activities

Explain why people earn, save, and spend money.

#### Lesson 2: Interdependence – 3 Activities

Describe how people in the United States are dependent upon other countries for goods (products). Explain the interdependence of people and products in your community.

#### Lesson 3: Employers/Employees – 3 Activities

Describe the differences between employer and employees and the responsibilities and duties of each.

#### Lesson 4: Function of Banks – 3 Activities

Explain the different ways people can use banks: to save and to borrow money. Explain why banks charge interest to the borrower.

#### Lesson 5: Natural Resources – 3 Activities

Name the natural resources and the goods produced in your local region.

#### Lesson 6: Imports/Exports – 3 Activities

Distinguish between imports and exports.

#### Lesson 7: Production of Goods – 3 Activities

Identify the various ways that goods are produced: agriculture, manufacturing, mining, and trade.

#### Lesson 1: Purpose of Government & Law – 3 Activities

Explain why all communities and states have governments and laws. Identify some laws in your community.

#### Lesson 2: Duties, Heads of Government – 3 Activities

Name the heads of your local and state government. Describe how the responsibilities of a mayor and governor differ. Identify some of the responsibilities of local government. Describe what a city council does and how people can become members of a city council.

#### Lesson 3: Town Meetings – 3 Activities

Explain what a town meeting is, what issues may be discussed, and how decisions are made. Identify some issues in your community that need to be addressed.

#### Lesson 4: Participation – 3 Activities

Explain why it is important for people to take part in local government by voting. Describe ways in which you have participated in voting at home, in school, or within groups and organizations.

#### Lesson 1: Timelines – 2 Activities

The learner will understand the concept of time and chronology by reading and constructing timelines.

#### Lesson 2: Passing of Time – 2 Activities

Describe historical times in terms of years, decades and centuries.

#### Chapter Test: Chronology

PreK - 8th

\$19.95
• Monthly, first student
• (\$14.95 monthly for each additional student)

9th - 12th

\$30.00
• Monthly, per student
• (Includes 4 courses per student)

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