# 5th Grade Scope and Sequence

If you’re looking for information on what a 5th grade scope and sequence should look like, you’ve come to the right place. Knowing what to teach and when to teach it during the year can be incredibly helpful to homeschooling families. Since many lessons usually follow a suggested sequence that builds on each other, it’s important to have access to a fifth grade scope and sequence that provides as much information as possible.

Below is the Time4Learning 5th grade scope and sequence for each subject we offer. You’ll find tons of useful information including the number of chapters and lessons, as well as details on the concepts and skills your student will be learning this year.

## 5th Grade Math Scope & Sequence

#### Lesson 1: Roman and Greek Numerals

Students will use Roman and Greek numerals.

#### Lesson 2: Read and Write Whole Numbers

Students will use numeric digits and words to read and write numbers up to the hundred billions.

#### Lesson 3: Expanding Whole Numbers up to Billions

Students will show numbers in standard and expanded form up to the billions place.

#### Lesson 4: Comparing and Ordering Whole Numbers

Students will compare and order numbers using place value chart and number lines.

#### Lesson 5: Round Numbers

Students will round numbers up to one billion and use concept of rounding to solve real-world problems.

#### Lesson 6: Estimate Sums and Differences

Students will use estimation strategies to solve real-world problems in which they will find the sum and the difference.

#### Lesson 7: Evaluating for Reasonableness

Students will estimate and evaluate items for reasonableness and determine the reasonableness of given answers.

#### Lesson 1: Addition and Subtraction

Students will add and subtract whole numbers.

#### Lesson 2: Theory of Multiplication

Students will multiply whole numbers.

#### Lesson 3: Multiplying up to 3-digit by 2-digit

Students will solve multiplication problems that involve two-digit by two-digit multiplication as well as three-digit by two-digit multiplication.

#### Lesson 4: Problem Solving with Multiplication

Students will solve real-world problem involving estimation with two-by-two digit multiplication as well as three-digit by two-digit multiplication.

#### Lesson 5: Determining Greatest Common Factor

Students will determine the greatest common factor of given numbers.

#### Lesson 6: Determining Least Common Multiple

Determine the least common multiple of given numbers.

#### Lesson 7: Exponents

Students will use exponents to solve problem.

#### Lesson 8: Powers of 10

Students will identify powers of 10 through the 6th power.

#### Lesson 9: Multiplying by Powers of 10

Students will use patterns when multiplying by powers of ten.

#### Lesson 10: Exploring Exponents as Repeated Multiplication

Students will explore exponents as repeated multiplication.

#### Lesson 11: Division

Students will divide to solve problems.

#### Lesson 12: Estimating Quotients

Students will use compatible numbers to estimate quotients.

#### Lesson 13: Divisibility Rules

Students will apply the divisibility rules of 2, 3, 5, 9, and 10 to various numbers.

#### Lesson 14: Applying Division: Interpreting Remainders

Students will interpret remainders and apply the concepts in order to identify what remainders signify.

#### Lesson 15: Order of Operations

Students will use order of operations to solve problems.

#### Lesson 16: Identifying Prime and Composite Numbers

Students will define and identify prime and composite numbers up to 50. Students will find the prime factorization of numbers up to 50.

#### Lesson 17: Prime Factorization

Students will write factors of numbers using prime numbers only and prime factorization.

#### Lesson 18: Problem Solving

Students will solve real-life problems.

#### Lesson 1: Understanding Place Value

Students will understand that a digit in one place represents 10 times as much as it represents in the place to its right and one-tenth of what it represents in the place to its left.

#### Lesson 2: Read and Write to Thousandths

Students will read and write numbers to the thousandths in written and standard form and show equivalencies between the two.

#### Lesson 3: Decimals on Number Lines

Students will identify the number and place on the number line to signify given decimals.

#### Lesson 4: Compare and Order Decimals

Students will use <, > and = to compare decimals through thousandths. Students will order decimals through thousands.

#### Lesson 5: Rounding Decimals

Students will round decimals to an identified place value and to the nearest half or whole number.

#### Lesson 6: Adding and Subtracting Decimals

Students will add and subtract decimals.

#### Lesson 7: Estimating Sums and Differences with Decimals

Students will estimate sums and differences with decimals.

#### Lesson 8: Multiplying Decimals

Students will multiply decimals by other decimals.

#### Lesson 9: Dividing Decimals

Students will divide decimals with decimals and whole number in both the divisor and dividend.

#### Lesson 10: Estimating Products and Quotients with Decimals

Students will estimate products and quotients using decimals.

#### Lesson 11: Percents

Students will identify percents.

#### Lesson 12: Working with Percents

Students will find the percent of a number and solve real-world problems using percents.

#### Lesson 1: Improper Fractions and Mixed Numbers

Students will identify improper and mixed numbers and demonstrate their ability to find the equivalencies between the two.

#### Lesson 2: Least Common Denominator

Students will determine the least common denominator of fractions with unlike denominators.

#### Lesson 3: Simplifying Fractions

Students will simplify fractions by find the lowest common denominator.

#### Lesson 4: Equivalent Fractions

Students will find equivalent forms of fractions not including mixed numbers.

#### Lesson 5: Comparing Fractions

Students will compare and order fractions.

#### Lesson 6: Rounding Fractions

Students will round fractions to the nearest half or whole number.

Students will add fractions, not including mixed numbers, with like and unlike denominators.

#### Lesson 8: Subtract Fractions

Students will subtract fractions, not including mixed numbers, with like and unlike denominators.

#### Lesson 9: Add and Subtract Fractions (Unlike Denominators)

Students will solve real-world problems involving subtracting fractions with unlike denominators.

#### Lesson 10: Adding Mixed Numbers

Students will add mixed numbers with and without regrouping.

#### Lesson 11: Subtracting Mixed Numbers

Students will subtract mixed numbers with and without regrouping.

#### Lesson 12: Multiply Two Fractions Using an Area Model

Students will represent the product of two fractions using an area model.

#### Lesson 13: Multiply Whole Numbers by Fractions

Students will determine the effect of multiplying a whole number by a fraction less than 1 and by a fraction greater than 1.

#### Lesson 14: Multiply Fractions (Not Mixed Numbers)

Students will multiply fractions, not including mixed numbers, and simplify answers.

#### Lesson 15: Multiply Fractions and Mixed Numbers

Students will solve problems involving multiplying a fraction by a mixed number, and multiplying a mixed number by a mixed number.

#### Lesson 16: Dividing with Unit Fractions

Students will model dividing whole numbers by unit fractions and unit fractions by whole numbers.

#### Lesson 17: Divide Unit Fractions in Real-World Problems

Students will solve real-world problems involving dividing with unit fractions.

#### Lesson 18: Dividing Fractions (Not Mixed Numbers)

Students will divide fractions, not including mixed numbers, by using reciprocals and simplify answers.

#### Lesson 19: Estimating Fractions

Students will estimate products and quotients using fractions.

#### Lesson 20: Interpreting a Fraction as Division

Students will interpret a fraction as representing division.

#### Lesson 21: Writing Fractions as Decimals

Students will write fractions as decimals.

#### Lesson 22: Equivalent to Percents

Students will demonstrate their understanding of the relationship between decimals and fractions and fractions to decimals and how they are equivalent to percents.

#### Lesson 23: Ratios

Students will learn fractions as ratios.

#### Lesson 24: Equivalent Ratios

Students will find equivalent ratios.

#### Lesson 25: Equivalent Fractions, Decimals, and Percents

Students will recognize the percent sign and understand percent as per hundred. Students will express equivalences between fractions, decimals and percentages and know common equivalencies.

#### Lesson 1: Integers

Students will describe life situations using integers and identify integers on a number line.

#### Lesson 2: Patterns and Function Rules

Students will determine patterns in pictures and tables and describe the function rule.

#### Lesson 3: Algebraic Expressions

Students will write and evaluate algebraic expressions.

#### Lesson 4: Patterns in Algebra

Students will find the rule in real-world problems and identify function rules from tables.

#### Lesson 5: Solving Equations with Addition

Students will solve one-step equations with whole numbers, decimals and fractions involving addition.

#### Lesson 6: Solving Equations with Subtraction

Students will solve one-step equations with whole numbers, decimals, and fractions involving subtraction.

#### Lesson 7: Solving Equations with Multiplication

Students will solve one-step equations with whole numbers and decimals involving multiplication.

#### Lesson 8: Solving Equations with Division

Students will solve one-step equations with whole numbers and decimals involving division.

#### Lesson 1: Customary Length/Tool

Students will apply formulas to solve customary length problems. Students will identify the correct tools to use to solve customary length problems and apply concepts of estimation to arrive at answers.

#### Lesson 2: Customary Weight/Tool

Students will apply formulas to solve customary weight problems. Students will identify the correct tools to use to solve customary weight problems and apply concepts of estimation to arrive at answers.

#### Lesson 3: Customary Capacity/Tool

Students will apply formulas to solve customary capacity problems. Students will identify the correct tools to use to solve customary capacity problems and apply concepts of estimation to arrive at answers.

#### Lesson 4: Customary Temperature/Tool

Students will apply formulas involving temperatures in Fahrenheit degrees to solve real-life problems.

#### Lesson 5: Metric System

Students will learn about the metric system and learn how multiplying and dividing by ten affects the placement in the system.

#### Lesson 6: Length/Tool (Metric)

Students will apply formulas to solve metric length problems. Students will identify the correct tools to use to solve metric length problems and apply concepts of estimation to arrive at answers.

#### Lesson 7: Weight/Tool (Metric)

Students will apply formulas to solve metric weight problems. Students will identify the correct tools to use to solve metric weight problems and apply concepts of estimation to arrive at answers.

#### Lesson 8: Capacity/Tool (Metric)

Students will apply formulas to solve metric capacity problems. Students will identify the correct tools to use to solve metric capacity problems and apply concepts of estimation to arrive at answers.

#### Lesson 9: Temperature/Tool (Metric)

Students will apply formulas involving temperatures in Celsius degrees to solve real-life problems.

#### Lesson 10: Elapsed Time

Students will solve problems about elapsed time.

#### Lesson 11: Elapsed Time on Calendars

Students will solve problems showing elapsed time involving days, weeks, months, years and centuries.

#### Lesson 12: Perimeter of Polygons

Students will find perimeter of polygons and regular polygons with and without missing values.

#### Lesson 13: Area of 4-sided Shapes

Students will find the area of squares and rectangles.

#### Lesson 14: Area of Triangles

Students will find the area of triangles.

#### Lesson 15: Volume of Solids

Students will find the volume of cubes and rectangular prisms.

#### Lesson 16: Find Volume of Rectangular Prisms (Unit Cubes)

Students will find the volume of a rectangular prism by counting unit cubes.

#### Lesson 17: Finding Volume of Rectangular Prisms

Students will find the volume of a rectangular prism by multiplying the edge lengths, or by multiplying the area of the base by the height.

#### Lesson 18: Find Volume of Rectangular Prisms (Formulas)

Students will find the volume of a rectangular prism by applying the formula V = B × h.

#### Lesson 19: Finding Volume of Solid Figures

Students will find the volume of a solid figure composed of two rectangular prisms.

#### Lesson 1: Describing Relative Orientation

Students will use coincident, collinear, parallel and perpendicular to describe relative orientation on a coordinate grid.

#### Lesson 2: Lines

Students will identify parallel, perpendicular, intersecting and skew lines.

#### Lesson 3: Measuring Angles with a Protractor

Students will measure the degrees in right, acute, obtuse and straight angles using a protractor.

#### Lesson 4: Triangles

Students will identify different kinds of triangles.

#### Lesson 5: Polygons and Quadrilaterals

Students will sort polygons by attributes. Students will classify quadrilaterals as parallelograms, trapezoids, rhombi, rectangles and squares.

Students will classify quadrilaterals as parallelograms, trapezoids, rhombi, rectangles and squares.

#### Lesson 7: Solid Figures

Students will learn about three-dimensional figures.

#### Lesson 8: Polyhedrons

Students will sort polyhedrons by their attributes.

#### Lesson 9: Parts of a Circle

Students will identify the arc, chord, radius and diameters of circles. Students will calculate the radius or diameter of a circle.

#### Lesson 10: Build a 3-D Shape from a Set of Views

Students will build 3-dimensional shapes from a set of views.

#### Lesson 11: Nets of 3-Dimensional Figures

Students will identify and create a 2-dimensional representation of a 3-dimensional figure (nets) on a grid or dot paper.

#### Lesson 12: Measuring Angles

Students will find measurement of angles.

#### Lesson 13: Coordinate Geometry

Students will learn about ordered pairs.

#### Lesson 14: Line Symmetry and Point Symmetry

Students will classify plane figures as having line symmetry, point symmetry, both or none.

#### Lesson 15: Transformations

Students will apply multiple transformations to a plane figure, predict the result and identify the image of a plane figure as the result of a multiple transformation including 90 degree and 180 degree rotations.

#### Lesson 16: Scale Drawings

Students will use a scale to show relative size on a map or drawing.

#### Lesson 17: Congruent and Similar Figures

Students will explore similarity using congruent angles. Students will explore congruence using congruent segments and congruent angles.

#### Lesson 1: Outcomes and Events

Students will determine and represent all possible outcomes for a particular probability event using charts, lists or tree diagrams.

#### Lesson 2: Probability

Students will calculate the probability of an event.

#### Lesson 3: Making Predictions

Students will make predictions for future events based on previous occurrences.

#### Lesson 1: Bar Graphs

Students will interpret and analyze bar graphs.

#### Lesson 2: Line Graphs

Students will interpret line graphs (interpolation and extrapolation).

#### Lesson 3: Circle Graphs

Students will create and interpret circle graphs using common fractions.

#### Lesson 4: Histogram

Students will interpret, analyze and create histograms.

#### Lesson 5: Venn Diagrams

Students will interpret and analyze Venn Diagrams.

#### Lesson 6: Which Type of Graph to Use?

Students will choose the most appropriate graph for a set of data and make inferences from the graphs.

#### Lesson 7: Compare and Translate Data

Students will compare and translate data from information, tallies and data to a graph.

#### Lesson 8: Median, Mode, and Range

Students will collect, organize and describe data using median, mode and range.

#### Lesson 9: Mean

Students will find the mean of a given set of numbers.

#### Lesson 10: Stem and Leaf Plot

Students will use knowledge of stem-and-leaf plots to solve to identify mean, median, mode and range.

## 5th Grade Language Arts Scope & Sequence

#### Lesson 1: Synonyms

The student will demonstrate knowledge by determining the meaning of synonyms from grade level appropriate vocabulary, by correctly choosing a given word or phrase that means the same thing.

#### Lesson 2: Antonyms

The student will demonstrate knowledge by determining the meaning of antonyms from grade level appropriate vocabulary, by correctly choosing a given word or phrase that means the opposite.

#### Lesson 3: Prefixes

The student will be able to analyze and determine the correct meaning of a word, based on the prefix of the root word or how the prefix is used in the context of a passage.

#### Lesson 4: Suffixes

The student will be able to analyze and determine the correct meaning of a word, based on the suffix of the root word or how the suffix is used in the context of a passage.

#### Lesson 5: Homophones

The student will be able to identify and select the appropriate homophone or word that sounds the same, based on the context of a passage which fits the best meaning of the given word or phrase.

#### Lesson 6: Idioms

The student will be able to identify and analyze the author’s use of idioms, based on the context of a passage and how these expressions are used in literal and interpretative information.

#### Lesson 7: Latin and Greek Roots

The student will be able to identify and determine the meaning of unknown words, based on the understanding of Latin and Greek roots.

#### Lesson 1: Think Aloud Level 1

Use the reading comprehension process skills of summarizing, predicting, visualizing, questioning, and clarifying with extensive scaffolding and support, through think aloud prompts.

#### Lesson 2: Think Aloud Level 2

Use the reading comprehension process skills of summarizing, predicting, visualizing, questioning, and clarifying with scaffolding and support, through think aloud prompts.

#### Lesson 3: Think Aloud Level 3

Use the reading comprehension process skills of summarizing, predicting, visualizing, questioning, and clarifying to independently read and comprehend texts with minimal think aloud support.

#### Lesson 1: Making Inferences and Drawing Conclusions

Use knowledge, information, and ideas from literary or expository texts to make inferences about the text (e.g., make inferences, draw conclusions, make generalizations, and infer sequence of events.)

#### Lesson 2: Summarizing

Make a summary or paraphrase information from literary or expository text.

#### Lesson 3: Main Idea and Theme: Fiction

Identify the main idea(s) or theme(s), distinguishing them/it from supporting details in a literary text.

#### Lesson 4: Plot

Identify plot by using story elements including the main problem and solution.

#### Lesson 1: Main Idea and Supporting Details: Nonfiction

Identify the main idea(s) using the supporting details in an expository text.

#### Lesson 2: Comparing Structure (A)

Students will understand two different text structures: chronological order and cause and effect. They will apply these skills by comparing and contrasting two authentic nonfiction articles.

#### Lesson 3: Comparing Structure (B)

Students will understand two different text structures: chronological order and cause and effect. They will apply these skills by comparing and contrasting two authentic nonfiction articles.

#### Lesson 4: Charts and Graphs

Read, interpret and make predictions using charts, graphs, diagrams, maps or other graphic representations.

#### Lesson 5: Compare and Contrast

Compare and contrast characters, settings, ideas, information and/or plot within a text or between two or more genre sources (literary or expository), including figurative language such as metaphors.

#### Lesson 6: Evidence & Academic Language (A)

Students will be introduced to academic words to increase language proficiency and activate background knowledge before analyzing two authentic nonfiction articles.

#### Lesson 7: Evidence & Academic Language (B)

Students will be introduced to academic words to increase language proficiency and activate background knowledge before analyzing two authentic nonfiction articles.

#### Lesson 8: Evidence & Proverbs (C)

Students will explore the meaning of five different proverbs to increase language proficiency before analyzing two authentic nonfiction articles.

#### Lesson 9: Author’s Purpose

Identify and use knowledge of the author’s purpose to comprehend the writing of a literary or expository text.

#### Lesson 10: Integrating Information (A)

Students will understand the basic steps one must take when organizing notes from two sources. Students will independently read two nonfiction articles.

#### Lesson 11: Integrating Information (B)

Students will review the basic steps to take when organizing notes from two sources. They will independently read two nonfiction articles.

#### Lesson 12: Integrating Information (C)

Students will review the basic steps for taking notes and organizing notes from two sources. They will independently read two nonfiction articles.

#### Lesson 13: Fact and Opinion

Distinguish between fact and opinion in an expository text or within news sources, including the use of hyperbole.

#### Lesson 14: Cause and Effect

Identify and distinguish between cause and effect in expository and literary texts.

#### Lesson 1: State Simulation Test

Students will demonstrate knowledge of comprehension skills on grade level appropriate literary and expository passages, with questions that simulate a high-stakes assessment.

#### Chapter 6: “An American Safari – ILA”

The student will explore content through discovery and develop vocabulary through the use of a literature-based glossary.

#### Lesson 2: During Reading – 1 Activity

The student will achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary and respond to the literature. Authentic nonfiction literature is included.

The student will achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary and respond to the literature. Authentic nonfiction literature is included.

#### Lesson 4: Language Arts

Through learning activities focused on recognition and application, the student will practice language art skills. These activities have direct instruction, practice, and scored assessment.

#### Chapter 7: “The Birchbark House – ILA”

The student will explore content through discovery and develop vocabulary through the use of a literature-based glossary.

#### Lesson 2: During Reading – 1 Activity

The student will achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary and respond to the literature. Authentic fiction literature is included.

#### Lesson 3: After Reading- 8 Activities

The student will use a variety of strategies to comprehend reading selections. Student uses prior knowledge and will analyze and evaluate to make sense of texts.

#### Lesson 4: Language Arts

Through learning activities focused on recognition and application, the student will practice language art skills. These activities have direct instruction, practice, and scored assessment.

#### Chapter 8: “The Giver – ILA”

The student will explore content through discovery and develop vocabulary through the use of a literature-based glossary.

#### Lesson 2: During Reading – 1 Activity

The student will achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary and respond to the literature. Authentic fiction literature is included.

The student will use a variety of strategies to comprehend reading selections. Student uses prior knowledge and will analyze and evaluate to make sense of texts.

#### Lesson 4: Language Arts

Through learning activities focused on recognition and application, the student will practice language art skills. These activities have direct instruction, practice, and scored assessment.

#### Chapter 9: “Mother and Daughter – ILA”

The student will explore content through discovery and develop vocabulary through the use of a literature-based glossary.

#### Lesson 2: During Reading – 1 Activity

Through a series of learning activities focused on discovery, recognition, and application, the student will practice language arts skills.

The student will use a variety of strategies to comprehend reading selections. Student uses prior knowledge and will analyze and evaluate to make sense of texts.

#### Lesson 4: Language Arts

Through learning activities focused on recognition and application, the student will practice language art skills. These activities have direct instruction, practice, and scored assessment.

#### Chapter 10: “The Black Stallion – ILA”

The student will explore content through discovery and develop vocabulary through the use of a literature-based glossary.

The student will achieve comprehension by reading literature with emphasis on vocabulary and respond to the literature. Authentic fiction literature is included.

The student will use a variety of strategies to comprehend reading selections. Student uses prior knowledge and will analyze and evaluate to make sense of texts.

#### Lesson 4: Language Arts

Through learning activities focused on recognition and application, the student will practice language art skills.

## 5th Grade Science Scope & Sequence

#### Properties of Matter

Properties of Matter focuses on the ability to compare, describe and differentiate different types of matter, using its properties, such as state, texture and mass.

#### Physical & Chemical Changes

Physical & Chemical Changes focuses on changes of state (i.e.: solid, liquid, gas), chemical reactions, and mixtures and solutions.

#### Ecosystems

Ecosystems focuses on the movement of matter among producers, consumers, decomposers, and the air, water, and soil in the environment.

#### Water on Earth

Water on Earth focuses on the 4 natural spheres (or systems) of Earth – the biosphere, the atmosphere, the geosphere and the hydrosphere – and how they interact within the water cycle.

#### Interacting with Earth

Interacting with Earth focuses on solutions to reduce the impacts of natural Earth processes on humans, and the fact that energy and fuels are derived from natural resources and that their uses affect the environment.

#### Sun, Earth, & Moon

Sun, Earth & Moon focuses on the relationship of the sun, Earth and Moon to shadows, constellations and the patterns we see throughout the year because of those relationships.

#### Computers in Our Lives

Computers in Our Lives focuses on the use and the principles of computers as well as the impact they have and can have on our society.

#### Robotics

Robotics focuses on the role of robots and artificial intelligence in our society.

## 5th Grade Social Studies Scope & Sequence

#### Lesson 1: Olmec Civilization – 3 Activity

Locate the Olmec civilization on a world map, and identify it as the first civilization in North and Central America.

#### Lesson 2: Daily Olmec Life – 3 Activity

Identify the use of rafts and canoes as the main means of travel; identify pile-dwellings and palisades as the main means of construction; and identify the importance of maize cultivation to the Olmec civilization. The learner will describe the major characteristics and contributions of the Olmec civilization (1200 – 400 BC). Locate the Olmec civilization on a world map, and identify it as the first civilization in North and Central America.

#### Lesson 3: Art & Religion – 2 Activity

Explain the roles of art and religion in the culture of the Olmec civilization.

#### Lesson 4: Writing, Counting & Calendar – 3 Activity

Describe the Olmecs’ writing system, counting system, and calendar.

#### Lesson 1: Phoenician Civilization – 3 Activities

Locate Phoenicia on a world map, and explain the role of city-states. Identify Sidon and Tyre as the cities that alternately dominated the region. (The learner will describe the major characteristics and contributions of the Phoenicians).

#### Lesson 2: Influence of Egyptian Trade – 3 Activities

Explain how trade with Egypt influenced the Phoenician culture in terms of clothing and the use of hieroglyphics. (The learner will describe the major characteristics and contributions of the Phoenicians). Locate Phoenicia on a world map, and explain the role of city-states. Identify Sidon and Tyre as the cities that alternately dominated the region. (The learner will describe the major characteristics and conributions of the Phoenicians).

#### Lesson 3: Trade Routes- 3 Activities

Trace the Phoenician trade routes throughout the Mediterranean and the Near East, and describe the development of Carthage, Byblos, and other major port cities. (The learner will describe the major characteristics and contributions of the Phoenicians). Explain how trade with Egypt influenced the Phoenician culture in terms of clothing and the use of hieroglyphics. (The learner will describe the major characteristics and contributions of the Phoenicians).

#### Lesson 4: Purple Dyed Trade Items – 3 Activities

Describe the locally manufactured glassware, embroideries, metal articles, and cloth colored with Tyrian purple dye that were traded by the Phonecians. (The learner will describe the major characteristics and contributions of the Phoenicians).

#### Lesson 5: Greatest Seagoing Traders – 3 Activities

Identify the Phoenicians as the world’s greatest seagoing traders at the time. Explain the possibility that Phoenician sailors traveled around Africa to Britain using the North Star as a means of navigation. (The learner will describe the major characteristics and contributions of the Phoenicians).

#### Lesson 6: Phonetic Alphabet – 3 Activities

Describe the Phoenician invention of the phonetic alphabet, and explain how it is the basis for our modern alphabet. (The learner will describe the major characteristics and contributions of the Phoenicians).

#### Lesson 1: Shang Dynasty – 3 Activities

Define ”dynasty.” Identify the Shang as ancient China’s first dynasty, and locate the region of the dynasty on a world map.

#### Lesson 2: Digby Shang Dynasty Innovations – 3 Activities

Identify the Shang dynasty as a period of great innovation. Describe the use of bronze, the creation of silk textiles, and the use of a sophisticated writing system as some of these innovations.

#### Lesson 3: Art & Religion – 3 Activities

Explain the roles of art and religion in the culture of the Shang dynasty. Describe yin and yang.

#### Lesson 4: Zhou Warriors – 3 Activities

Identify the Zhou warriors as the group who took power from the Shang to become the next ruling dynasty in ancient China.

#### Lesson 5: Zhou Feudal Society – 3 Activities

Explain the feudal society established by the Zhou emperors.

#### Lesson 6: The Golden Age of China – 3 Activities

Describe the period known as China’s Golden Age.

#### Lesson 7: Confucius – 3 Activities

Identify Confucius as the founder of Confucianism, and explain some of his teachings.

#### Lesson 8: Lao-tzu & Daoism – 3 Activities

Identify Lao-tzu as the legendary founder of Daoism, and explain some of his teachings.

#### Lesson 1: Nubian Civilization – 3 Activities

Locate the Nubian kingdom on a world map. Identify the different cities that acted as centers of the kingdom throughout its existence, including Kerma, Napata, and Meroë.

#### Lesson 2: Egyptian & Nubian Conflicts – 3 Activities

Explain the conflicts between Egypt and Nubia and the struggle for power in this region.

#### Lesson 3: Egyptian & Nubian Similarities – 3 Activities

Compare the similarities of the culture of Nubia to the culture of Egypt, including the building of pyramids, the use of written language, and the practice of mummification.

#### Lesson 4: Nubian Culture – 4 Activities

Describe the culture of Nubia once it was free from Egyptian influence, including new styles of art and architecture, development of a new language and system of writing, and worshiping of new gods.

#### Lesson 5: Natural Resources – 3 Activities

Describe the natural resources of Nubia, including timber and iron ore, and the roles these resources played in establishing Meroë as a trade center.

#### Lesson 1: Greek Civilization – 3 Activities

Locate the ancient Greek civilization on a world map, and explain the role of city-states. Identify Athens, Sparta, Thebes, and Corinth as major city-states of the region.

#### Lesson 2: Tyrants 7 City-States – 3 Activities

Define ”tyrants” and their role in running the city-states. Explain how the tyrants were driven out of power, introducing the new system of government called democracy.

#### Lesson 3: Democracy – 3 Activities

Describe the new system of democracy and the rights of the citizens. Explain how this idea would impact future governments throughout the world.

#### Lesson 4: Gods & Goddesses – 3 Activities

Locate Mount Olympus and describe the roles of the following gods and goddesses: Aphrodite, Hermes, Poseidon, Zeus, Apollo.

#### Lesson 5: Ares/Athena/Artemis/Demeter – 3 Activities

Describe the roles of the following gods and goddesses: Ares, Athena, Artemis, Demeter.

#### Lesson 6: Alphabet & Greek Writing – 3 Activities

Describe the Greek alphabet and understand that it was built upon Phoenician characters. Describe the process of writing on a wax-covered tablet with a stylus.

#### Lesson 7: Pythagoras & Hippocrates – 3 Activities

Describe the contributions of the following Greek scholars: Pythagoras, Hippocrates.

#### Lesson 8: Socrates, Plato & Aristotle – 3 Activities

Describe the contributions of the following Greek scholars: Socrates, Plato, Aristotle.

#### Lesson 9: Drama, Athletics & Literature – 3 Activities

Explain the roles of art, architecture, and music in developing the culture of the ancient Greek civilization.

#### Lesson 10: Drama, Athletics & Literature – 3 Activities

Explain the roles of art, architecture, and music in developing the culture of the ancient Greek civilization.

#### Lesson 11: Greek Culture – 3 Activities

Explain the roles of athletics, drama, and literature in developing the culture of the ancient Greek civilization.

#### Lesson 1: President Thomas Jefferson – 3 Activities

Describe the life of Thomas Jefferson in terms of his presidency and his hobbies.

#### Lesson 2: Louisiana Purchase – 3 Activities

Describe the importance of the Louisiana Purchase and the roles of Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Monroe, and Napoleon Bonaparte.

#### Lesson 3: Lewis & Clark Expedition – 3 Activities

Describe the exploration of the new territory of Louisiana and the roles of Meriwether Lewis, William Clark, and Sacajawea.

#### Lesson 4: Zebulon Pike Expedition – 2 Activities

Describe the expedition of Zebulon Pike.

#### Lesson 5: President James Madision – 3 Activities

Describe the presidency of James Madison and the role of Dolley Madison.

#### Lesson 6: Before the War of 1812 – 3 Activities

Identify the events leading to the War of 1812 and the roles of William Henry Harrison and Tecumseh. Describe the importance of British impressment of American sailors and the Battle of Tippecanoe.

#### Lesson 7: The War of 1812 – 3 Activities

Describe the War of 1812 and the battles of Lake Erie and New Orleans. Know about the British burning of the White House and Capitol, and the circumstances surrounding the writing of The Star-Spangled Banner.

#### Lesson 8: President James Monroe – 3 Activities

Lesson DeDescribe the presidency of James Monroe, the Era of Good Feelings, and the Monroe Doctrine.Orleans.

#### Lesson 9: Missouri Compromise – 3 Activities

Explain the Missouri Compromise and how the expansion of slavery into the newly acquired United States territory threatened national unity.

#### Lesson 10: President Andrew Jackson – 3 Activities

Describe the presidency of Andrew Jackson and the importance of the Indian Removal Act, the Trail of Tears, and the Seminole Wars.

#### Lesson 1: Manifest Destiny – 3 Activities

Describe the meaning of ”Manifest Destiny” and the role of John O’Sullivan.

#### Lesson 2: Influence on Western Expansion – 3 Activities

Describe the role of ”mountain men” and fur traders in the expansion of the West and their relations with the Native Americans. Identify Kit Carson.

#### Lesson 3: Traveling West – 3 Activities

Describe the means of travel available to pioneers heading west, including the steamboat, wagon trains, and flatboats.

#### Lesson 4: Santa Fe Trail – 3 Activities

Trace the land route west opened by William Becknell that became known as the Santa Fe Trail.

#### Lesson 5: Texas War for Independence – 3 Activities

Describe the people and events leading to the Texas War for Independence, including the early settlement of Texas and the roles of Stephen Austin and Mexican General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna.

#### Lesson 6: Battle of the Alamo – 3 Activities

Describe the people and events of the Battle of the Alamo, including Davy Crockett, Jim Bowie, and Susanna Dickerson.

#### Lesson 7: Texas Independence – 3 Activities

Describe the outcome of the Texas War for Independence and the roles of Sam Houston and Santa Anna. Identify the Lone Star Republic and explain the request for annexation.

#### Lesson 8: Oregon Trail – 3 Activities

Trace the route of the Oregon Trail and describe life on the trail.

#### Lesson 9: Missouri Compromise – 3 Activities

Explain the Missouri Compromise and how the expansion of slavery into the newly acquired United States territory threatened national unity.

#### Lesson 10: Mormons Migrate West – 3 Activities

Identify the reasons that the Mormons (Latter-day Saints) traveled west to Utah and the roles of Joseph Smith and Brigham Young.

#### Lesson 11: Mexican-American War – 3 Activities

Describe the events leading to the Mexican-American War.

#### Lesson 12: Outcomes of the Mexican War – 3 Activities

Describe the outcome of the Mexican-American War and the roles of General Zachary Taylor and Santa Anna. Identify the Mexican lands ceded to America, and explain the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.

#### Lesson 13: The Influence of Gold – 3 Activities

Describe how the discovery of gold changed California.

#### Lesson 1: Charles Goodyear & Rubber – 3 Activities

Describe Charles Goodyear’s invention of rubber and how it helped lead to economic growth in the Northeast.

#### Lesson 2: Elias Howe & Sewing Machines – 3 Activities

Describe Elias Howe’s invention of the sewing machine and how it helped lead to economic growth in the Northeast.

#### Lesson 3: Samuel Morse & Telegraph – 3 Activities

Describe Samuel Morse’s invention of the telegraph and how it helped lead to economic growth in the Northeast.

#### Lesson 4: Economic Growth of the NW – 3 Activities

Identify the role of whaling, trade, and clipper ships in the economic growth of the Northeast.

#### Lesson 5: Industry & Factories – 2 Activities

Identify the role of industry and factories in the economy of the Northeast.

#### Lesson 6: Cyrus McCormick & Agriculture – 3 Activities

Identify agriculture and Cyrus McCormick’s invention of the reaper as major contributors to the Midwest economy.

#### Lesson 7: Importance of Railroads – 3 Activities

Describe the importance of railroads as a link from the Midwest to the North.

#### Lesson 8: Oregon Trail – 3 Activities

Trace the route of the Oregon Trail and describe life on the trail.

#### Lesson 9: Cotton Growing – 3 Activities

Identify cotton-growing as the major economic activity of the South and the importance of exportation, plantations, and slave labor.

#### Lesson 10: Enslaved African-Americans – 4 Activities

Describe living conditions of enslaved African Americans, the importance of Nat Turner’s Revolt, and slave codes.

#### Lesson 11: Problems for the Free Slaves – 3 Activities

Identify the problems faced by free African Americans.

#### Lesson 12: Movement to End Slavery – 3 Activities

Describe how the movement to end slavery gained strength in the mid-1800’s. Define abolition and describe the American Anti-Slavery Society.

#### Lesson 13: Freedom Fighters – 5 Activities

Identify Frederick Douglass and Sojourner Truth as abolitionists and African American leaders.

#### Lesson 14: Harriet Tubman – 4 Activities

Describe the role of Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad in the anti-slavery movement.

#### Lesson 15: Women Struggle For Rights – 4 Activities

Describe the struggle for women’s rights in the mid-1800s and the importance of the Seneca Falls Convention.

#### Lesson 16: Contributors to Women Rights – 3 Activities

Describe Elizabeth Cady Stanton’s, Lucretia Mott’s, and Amelia Bloomer’s contributions to women’s rights.

#### Lesson 17: Women Rights Leaders – 3 Activities

Describe Elizabeth Blackwell’s and Susan B. Anthony’s contributions to women’s rights.

#### Lesson 18: Reformers & Movements – 3 Activities

Describe the temperance movement and the role of reformers in the mid-1800s.

#### Lesson 19: Horace Mann & Dorothea Day – 3 Activities

Describe the contributions of Horace Mann and Dorothea Dix.

#### Lesson 1: Compromise of 1850 – 3 Activities

Summarize the Compromise of 1850 and the roles of Henry Clay, John Calhoun, William Seward, Daniel Webster, President Taylor, and President Fillmore. Define popular sovereignty and the Fugitive Slave Law.

#### Lesson 2: Harriet Beecher Stowe – 3 Activities

Describe how Harriet Beecher Stowe and ”Uncle Tom’s Cabin” affected the slavery debate.

#### Lesson 3: Events Leading to Civil War – 3 Activities

Describe how the Dred Scott decision kept the issue of slavery alive, the importance of the newly formed Republican party, and the Lincoln-Douglas debates for the Illinois senate seat.

#### Lesson 4: John Brown – 3 Activities

Describe the raid at Harpers Ferry and the roles of John Brown and Robert E. Lee. Summarize the presidential election of 1860 and the roles of Abraham Lincoln, Stephen Douglass, John Breckinridge, and John Bell.

#### Lesson 5: Outbreak of Civil War – 3 Activities

Explain the events that led to the outbreak of the Civil War, including the southern states’ secession from the Union, the formation of the Confederate States of America, and the attack at Fort Sumter. Describe the roles of Jefferson Davis, President Lincoln, and Major Robert Anderson.

#### Lesson 1: States & Territories – 3 Activities

Identify the states and territories that made up the Union and the Confederacy. Identify the terms: Yankees, Rebels, the Blue and the Gray.

#### Lesson 3: First Battle of Bull Run – 3 Activities

Describe the first Battle of Bull Run, and identify Stonewall Jackson.

#### Lesson 4: The Battle at Sea – 3 Activities

Describe the battle at sea including the roles of ”ironclad” warships, the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia.

#### Lesson 5: Shiloh & the Mississippi – 2 Activities

Describe the fight for control of the Mississippi River and the Battle of Shiloh, including the roles of Ulysses S. Grant and Captain David Farragut.

#### Lesson 6: Second Battle of Bull Run – 3 Activities

Describe the Union’s campaign to seize Richmond and the Second Battle of Bull Run, including the roles of George McClellan and Robert E. Lee.

#### Lesson 7: Battle of Antietam – 4 Activities

Describe the Battle of Antietam.

#### Lesson 8: Emancipation Proclamation – 3 Activities

Describe the effect of the Emancipation Proclamation.

#### Lesson 9: The Role African Americans – 3 Activities

Explain the role of African Americans in the Civil War.

#### Lesson 10: Woman & the Civil War – 3 Activities

Explain the role of women in the Civil War.

#### Lesson 11: Turning Points – 3 Activities

Explain why the battles of Gettysburg and Vicksburg were turning points in the Civil War.

#### Lesson 12: The Gettysburg Address – 3 Activities

Describe the Gettysburg Address and its impact on American history.

#### Lesson 13: General William Sherman – 3 Activities

Describe General William Sherman’s march to the sea and the burning of Atlanta.

#### Lesson 14: Lees Surrender at Appomattox – 3 Activities

Describe the events that led to Lee’s surrender at Appomattox.

#### Lesson 15: Costs of the Civil War – 3 Activities

Describe the costs of the Civil War.

#### Lesson 1: The Death of President Lincoln – 4 Activities

Describe the death of President Abraham Lincoln and the presidency of Andrew Johnson.

#### Lesson 2: Johnson Reconstruction Plan – 2 Activities

Describe President Johnson’s plan for Reconstruction and the importance of the Freedmen’s Bureau, Radical Republicans, and the attempted impeachment of Johnson.

#### Lesson 3: New Voters of the South – 3 Activities

Describe the new groups of voters in the South and how Congress protected them. Define the terms: freedmen, scalawags, carpetbaggers.

#### Lesson 4: 13th, 14th & 15th Amendments – 3 Activities

Explain the Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments to the Constitution.

#### Lesson 5: Racism in Reconstruction – 3 Activities

Identify white supremacy groups, such as the Ku Klux Klan, and the enactment of the Black Codes.

#### Lesson 6: Compromise of 1877 – 3 Activities

Describe the end of the Reconstruction period and the Compromise of 1877.

#### Lesson 1: States and Capitals – 2 Activities

Locate on a United States map the 50 states and their capitals.

#### Lesson 2: Major Cities – 4 Activities

Locate on a map the major cities of the United States.

#### Lesson 3: Regions Along the East Coast – 3 Activities

Identify the regions of New England, the Mid-Atlantic, and the South, and describe their characteristics.

#### Lesson 4: Midwest & the Great Plains – 3 Activities

Identify the regions of the Midwest and the Great Plains, and describe their characteristics.

#### Lesson 5: Western Region – 3 Activities

Identify the regions of the West, the Southwest, and the Pacific Northwest, and describe their characteristics.

#### Lesson 6: Eastern Rivers – 3 Activities

Locate on a United States map the following major rivers: James, Hudson, St. Lawrence.

#### Lesson 7: Major Rivers – 3 Activities

Locate on a United States map the following major rivers: Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio.

#### Lesson 8: The Columbia & Rio Grand River – 3 Activities

Locate on a United States map the following major rivers: Columbia, Rio Grande.

#### Lesson 9: The Continental Divide – 3 Activities

Identify the Continental Divide and describe the flow of rivers: east of the Rockies, to the Arctic or Atlantic Oceans, west of the Rockies, to the Pacific Ocean.

#### Lesson 10: The Different Time Zones – 3 Activities

Identify the time zones of the United States.

#### Lesson 1: Times Zones Around the World – 3 Activities

Know that there are different time zones throughout the world.

#### Lesson 2: Tropic of Cancer & Capricorn – 3 Activities

Locate on a world map the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. Describe the relationship of these lines to seasons and temperatures.

#### Lesson 3: Climate Zones Around the World – 3 Activities

Describe the following climate zones of the world: arctic, tropic, temperate.

#### Lesson 4: Polar Regions & Mountains – 3 Activities

Identify the following regions of the world and describe their characteristics: polar regions, mountains.

#### Lesson 5: Island & Rain Forests – 3 Activities

Identify the following regions of the world and describe their characteristics: islands, rain forests.

#### Lesson 6: Forests, Deserts & Grasslands – 3 Activities

Identify the following regions of the world and describe their characteristics: forests, deserts, grasslands.

#### Lesson 7: Archaeologists – 3 Activities

Describe the tools and methods used by archaeologists.

#### Lesson 8: Artifacts & Ruins – 3 Activities

Identify the kinds of information that archaeologists can acquire from artifacts and ruins.

#### Lesson 9: Learning from the Past – 3 Activities

Explain how historians use archaeological information to draw conclusions about past cultures.

#### Lesson 1: Purpose of Government – 3 Activities

Describe the purpose of governments and how their powers are acquired, used, and justified.

#### Lesson 2: Terms of Office – 3 Activities

Identify the terms of office for the president, senators, representatives, and justices.

#### Lesson 3: Presidential Successions – 3 Activities

Describe how democratic laws are developed and why they are fundamental to society.

#### Lesson 4: Democratic Laws – 3 Activities

Give examples of civil rights.

#### Lesson 5: Examples of Civil Rights – 3 Activities

Explain ways that individuals and groups influence and shape public policy.

#### Lesson 6: Shaping Public Policy – 3 Activities

Explain ways that individuals and groups influence and shape public policy.

#### Lesson 7: Resolving Conflict – 3 Activities

Recognize how America has resolved civil and international conflict.

#### Lesson 8: Leadership Roles – 3 Activities

Explain the leadership role of the United States in international settings.

#### Lesson 9: Citizenship – 4 Activities

Know that a citizen is a legally recognized member of the United States who has certain rights and privileges as well as responsibilities. Describe the effects of prejudice and discrimination.

#### Lesson 1: Law of Supply & Demand – 3 Activities

Describe the law of supply and demand.

#### Lesson 2: Production & Distribution – 3 Activities

Describe how economic systems produce and distribute goods and services.

#### Lesson 3: Factors Affecting Consumers – 3 Activities

Identify factors that affect how consumers make their choices.

#### Lesson 4: Price & Quantity Distribution – 3 Activities

Describe the relationship between price and quantity supplied of a good or service.

#### Lesson 5: Competition in the Economy – 3 Activities

Identify and explain examples of competition in the economy.

#### Lesson 6: Economic Role of Government – 3 Activities

Explain the economic role of government in relation to health, safety, and environmental concerns.

#### Lesson 7: National Defense – 3 Activities

Explain the economic role of government to provide for national defense, to defend and protect property rights, to attempt to make markets more competitive.

#### Lesson 8: Producers & Consumers – 3 Activities

Describe the relationships among specialization and division of labor on productivity of workers, and the interdependence between producers and consumers.

#### Lesson 9: Exchange of Goods & Services – 3 Activities

Explain why people and countries voluntarily exchange goods and services.

#### Lesson 10: Entrepreneurship – 3 Activities

Explain the concept of entrepreneurship.

#### Lesson 11: Influence of Income – 3 Activities

Describe how income often reflects choices made about education and career. Describe unemployment.

#### Lesson 1: Chapter 16: “19th Century Individuals” – 2 Activities

Identify the accomplishments of the Wilber and Orville Wright who invented the airplane.

#### Lesson 2: Samuel F. Morse – 2 Activities

The student will be able to describe Samuel F. Morse’s invention of the telegraph.

#### Lesson 3: Louis Braille – 2 Activities

Identify the accomplishments of Louis Braille who invented the Braille system.

#### Lesson 4: Elijah McCoy – 2 Activities

Identify the many accomplishments of Elijah Mc Coy who invented the automatic oil pump, the sprinkler system and the ironing board.

#### Lesson 5: Madame CJ Walker – 2 Activities

Explain the leadership role of the United States in international settings.

#### Lesson 6: Alexander Graham Bell – 2 Activities

Know that a citizen is a legally recognized member of the United States who has certain rights and privileges as well as responsibilities. Describe the effects of prejudice and discrimination.

#### Chapter Test: 19th Century Individuals

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