# 12th Grade Scope and Sequence

In a 12th grade scope and sequence you’ll see the list of topics and activities that are going to be taught throughout the course for a specific subject.

Below you’ll see a quick view of Time4Learning’s 12th grade scope and sequence for math, social studies, language arts and science.

## 12th Grade Math Scope & Sequence

#### Chapter 1: “Equations and Inequalities”

• Graphing Linear Equations
• Writing Linear Equations
• Writing Equations of Parallel and Perpendicular Lines
• Solving Equations Graphically
• Applications of Equations
• Inequalities
• Graphing Linear Inequalities

#### Chapter 2: “Systems of Equations and Inequalities”

• Solving Systems of Equations in Two Variables
• Solving Systems of Equations in Three Variables
• Matrices
• Matrix Operations
• Modeling Motion with Matrices
• Determinants and Multiplicative Inverses of Matrices
• Solving Systems of Linear Inequalities
• Linear Programming

#### Chapter 3: “Functions and Graphs”

• Functions and Their Properties
• Operations with Functions
• Twelve Basic Functions
• Piecewise Functions
• Graphs and Transformations

#### Chapter 4: “The Nature of Graphs”

• Symmetry and Coordinate Graphs
• Families of Graphs
• Graphs of Nonlinear Inequalities
• Inverse Functions and Relations
• Graphs of Rational Functions
• Direct, Inverse, and Joint Variation

#### Chapter 5: “Polynomial and Rational Functions”

• Polynomial Division
• The Remainder and Factor Theorems
• Fundamental Polynomial Connections
• The Rational Root Theorem
• Locating Zeros of Polynomial Function
• Complex Numbers
• Rational Equations and Partial Fractions

#### Chapter 6: “Exponential and Logarithms Functions”

• Properties of Exponents
• Exponential and Logistic Functions
• The Number e
• Logarithmic Functions and Their Graphs
• Properties and Laws of Logarithms
• Solving Exponential and Logarithmic Equations

#### Chapter 7: “Trigonometric Functions”

• Angles and Degree Measure
• Trigonometric Ratios in Right Triangles
• Trigonometric Functions on the Unit Circle
• Applying Trigonometric Functions
• Solving Right Triangles
• Cumulative Exam

#### Chapter 8: “Trigonometric Graphs”

• Graphs of Sine and Cosine: Sinusoids
• Graphs of Tangent, Cotangent, Secant, and Cosecant
• Graphs of Composite Trigonometric Functions
• Periodic Graphs and Amplitude
• Periodic Graphs and Phase Shifts
• Trigonometric Inverses and Their Graphs

#### Chapter 9: “Trigonometric Identities”

• The Law of Sines
• The Ambiguous Case for the Law of Sines
• The Law of Cosines
• Basic Trigonometric Identities
• Verifying Trigonometric Identities
• Sum and Difference Identities
• Double-Angle and Half-Angle Identities
• Solving Trigonometric Equations
• Normal Form of a Linear Equation
• Distance from a Point to a Line

#### Chapter 10: “Vectors, Parametric Equations and Polar Equations”

• Geometric Vectors
• Algebraic Vectors
• Dot Products of Vectors
• Vectors in Three-Dimensional Space
• Perpendicular Vectors
• Vectors and Parametric Equations
• Polar Coordinates
• Graphs of Polar Equations
• De Moivre’s Theorem and nth Roots

#### Chapter 11: “Conics”

• Circles and Parabolas
• Ellipses
• Hyperbolas
• Classifications and Rotations of Conics
• Polar Equations of Conics
• Three-Dimensional Cartesian Coordinate System

#### Chapter 12: “Statistics and Probability”

• Basic Statistics
• Measures of Center and Spread
• Basic Probability
• Determining Probabilities
• Normal Distributions

#### Chapter 13: “Sequences and Series”

• Arithmetic Sequences and Series
• Geometric Sequences and Series
• Infinite Sequences and Series
• Convergent and Divergent Series
• Sigma Notation and the nth Term
• The Binomial Theorem
• Special Sequences and Series
• Sequences and Iteration
• Mathematical Induction

#### Chapter 14: “Introduction to Calculus”

• Limits of Functions
• Properties of Limits
• Continuity
• Limits Involving Infinity
• Derivatives and Antiderivatives
• Area Under a Curve
• The Fundamental Theorem of Calculus
• Cumulative Exam

## 12th Grade Language Arts Scope & Sequence

#### Chapter 1: “Epic Beginnings”

• Part 1: Epic Poetry: Gilgamesh
• Part 2: Epic Hero: Gilgamesh
• Part 3: Writing to Analyze the Epic Hero in Gilgamesh
• Introduction to Anglo-Saxon Literature: Beowulf
• Characterization in Grendel
• Building Vocabulary: Word Roots, Affixes, and Reference Materials
• Writing a Narrative Application Essay

#### Chapter 2: “From the Middle Ages through the Renaissance”

• Satire in The Pardoner’s Tale
• Chivalry in the Middle Ages: Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
• Central Ideas and Context: Utopia
• Parts of Speech: Gerunds, Participles, and Infinitives
• Writing an Informative Essay about a Utopia

#### Chapter 3: “Life in the Renaissance”

• Speeches of Queen Elizabeth I
• Part 1: An Introduction to Elizabethan England
• Part 2: Summarizing Central Ideas about Elizabethan England
• Part 3: Text Structure in an Informational Text
• Part 4: Writing to Evaluate Mortimer’s Style
• Connecting Sentences and Clauses
• Creating a Time Travel Brochure

#### Chapter 4: “Elizabethan Drama: The Tragedy of Hamlet”

• Hamlet, Part 1: An Introduction to Elizabethan Theater
• Hamlet, Part 2: Word Choice and Tone
• Hamlet, Part 3: Figurative Language and Allusions
• Hamlet, Part 4: Comparing and Contrasting Interpretations
• Hamlet, Part 5: Characteristics of Elizabethan Drama
• Hamlet, Part 6: Applying Literary Criticism
• Hamlet, Part 7: Plot and Character
• Hamlet, Part 8: Themes
• Creating a Storyboard

#### Chapter 5: “The Enlightenment in England”

• Central Ideas in A Vindication of the Rights of Woman
• Satire in Swift’s “A Modest Proposal”
• Satire in Swift’s “A Modest Proposal” (Continued)
• Comparing Eighteenth-Century Texts on Slavery
• Word Meaning in the Preface to A Dictionary of the English Language
• Writing a Research-Based Informative Essay about Language
• Enlightenment Ideas in America

#### Chapter 6: “Romanticism in England”

• Introduction to Romanticism
• Themes in the Poetry of Keats
• Haiku and Romantic Poetry
• Speaking and Listening: Planning a Multimedia Presentation
• Writing a Literary Analysis Essay about Poetry
• Cumulative Exam

#### Chapter 7: “The Gothic Novel: The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde”

• Part 1: Gothic Fiction: The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
• Part 2: The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde: Plot Development and Conflict
• Part 3: The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde: Making Inferences and Predictions
• Part 4: The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde: Theme
• Part 5: The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde: Summary and Plot Development
• Part 6: The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde: Character
• Part 7: The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde: Conflict and Resolution
• Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Tell-Tale Heart”
• Creating a Movie Poster

#### Chapter 8: “Nineteenth-Century England”

• Part 1: A Comedy of Manners: The Importance of Being Earnest
• Part 2: Literary Devices in The Importance of Being Earnest
• Part 3: Characterization in The Importance of Being Earnest
• Comparing and Contrasting Two Versions of The War of the Worlds
• Using Pronouns Correctly
• Writing an Argumentative Essay about an Ethical Issue

#### Chapter 9: “The First Half of the Twentieth Century””

• Style in Poems by Rabindranath Tagore
• Sound and Structure in Poems by Dylan Thomas and W. B. Yeats
• Analyzing US World War II Political Messages
• Using Punctuation
• Writing an Analysis of Media Messages

#### Chapter 10: “Cultural Reflections in Art and Artifacts”

• Part 1: Text Details and Context Clues in an Informational Text
• Part 2: Summarizing an Author’s Viewpoint in an Informational Text
• Part 3: Using Media to Extend Understanding of an Informational Text
• Analyzing Ekphrastic Poetry
• Contested Usage
• Creating a Museum Exhibit

#### Chapter 11: “Contemporary Voices”

• Fantasy Literature: J. R. R. Tolkien’s The Fellowship of the Ring
• Contemporary Poetry: Seamus Heaney’s “Digging”
• Writing a Persuasive E-mail
• Allusions and Perspective in Derek Walcott’s Midsummer
• Historical and Cultural Context in “Civil Peace”

#### Chapter 12: ” Success and Planning for the Future”

• Analyzing a Procedural Text: How to Find Out Anything
• Analyzing Career Information from the Bureau of Labor Statistics Website
• Writing a Personal Statement
• Purpose and Format in “The Leader in the Mirror”
• Speaking and Listening: Formal Debate
• Writing an Argument about How to Define Success
• Cumulative Exam

## 12th Grade Social Studies Scope & Sequence

#### Chapter 1: “Introduction to American Government”

• Introduction to Government
• Types of Governments
• English Influences on Government
• The Enlightenment
• The Declaration of Independence
• The Need for a Constitution
• Drafting the Constitution

#### Chapter 2: “The Constitution”

• Principles and the Preamble
• Federalism in the Constitution
• Article I: Congress
• Article II: The Presidency
• Article III: The Courts
• Article IV-VII: The Role of the Constitution
• Federalists and Anti-Federalists
• The Supreme Court and the Role of Government
• Writing Workshop: The Purpose of Government

#### Chapter 3: “Civil Rights and Liberties”

• The Bill of Rights
• Your Rights: Freedom of Religion
• Your Rights: Freedom of Expression
• Your Rights: Trials and Punishments
• The Fourteenth Amendment
• The Supreme Court and Civil Rights
• Case Study: The Stolen Valor Act

#### Chapter 4: “Government Institutions”

• The House of Representatives
• The Senate
• The Presidency and Its Powers
• The Federal Bureaucracy
• The Judicial Branch

#### Chapter 5: “Civics and Participation”

• Political Perspectives
• Political Parties
• Campaigns and Elections
• Voting
• Interest Groups and Lobbying
• The Media and Politics

#### Chapter 6: “Public Policy”

• Creating Public Policy
• Fiscal Policy
• Regulatory Policy
• Social Policy
• Foreign Policy
• Global Economic Policy
• Cumulative Exam

PreK - 8th

\$19.95
• Monthly, first student
• (\$14.95 monthly for each additional student)

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\$30.00
• Monthly, per student
• (Includes 4 courses per student)

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